Counting the Many Ways the Space Station Benefits Humankind. There are many spinoffs from research done on the ISS that benefit humans on Earth. Go to https://www.nasa.gov/stationbenefits to find out more. These range from improved water filtration systems to medical advances that help patients with heart problems. Also, NASA is studying plants from space. The OCO-2 is a polar oribiting satelllite that studies carbon, CO2, oxygen and other gas signatures in the Arctic, from space. OCO-3, soon to be launched, will make its home on ISS, and will study carbon, and other gas signatures in the tropics. In the Arctic, CO2 & C is primarily buried in the ground, under ice sheets. In the tropics, OCO-3 will study leaves and plants.